Fleckvieh - The Dual Purpose breed excelling in both Beef and Milk

There are two different strains of Fleckvieh, meaning they can be selected for both Milk  & Beef or for Beef only, depending on specific breeding criteria. Each strain has its own breeding aims. 

Fleckvieh - Dual purpose

Fleckvieh are strong in fitness and high yielding dual-purpose cattle. The ideal Fleckvieh cow in milk shows a strong forehand and maintains sufficient muscling on back and hindlegs to keep stability and health even during peak lactation.

The body proportions are harmonious both when standing still and in motion. Fleckvieh cattle are characterised by their sound feet and legs.

Adult Fleckvieh cows reach a height at cross of 140 - 150cm and a chest girth of 210 - 240cm with a liveweight of 650 to 850kg.

The udder is firmly attached and has an udder depth which remains above the hocks even after several lactations.

Milk production:

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Depending on management, natural conditions and feeding intensity herd performances of 7.000kg of milk with 4,2% fat and 3,7% protein are what can be expected of Fleckvieh cows under Milk production. Performance levels of more than 10.000kg of milk are equally achievable under more intensive feeding rations such as TMR. The annual milk production increases up to the 5th lactation.

A significant trait of the breed is its top rank with regards to udder health with an average somatic cell count of less than 180.000 across all lactations.

Beef production under dairy situations.

The fast growing male calves are excellently suited for successful cattle fattening and provide dairy farmers with an important supplementary income stream.

Under intensive fattening conditions young bulls reach daily gains of more than 1.300g with a slaughter age of 16 to 18 months. 85 to 90% of the bull carcasses are classified into the European grade E and U, demanded by the market, with a dressing percentage of 57 to 60%.

Cull cows reach a slaughter carcase weight of 350 to 450kg . The highly demanded carcasses are primarily ranked as European grades U and R and have a medium fat content and optimum marbling.

Breeding aim for Dual Purpose Fleckvieh:

The breeding aim is defined by the economical total merit index (TMI). The milk, beef and fitness traits are well balanced. All individual traits are weighted according to their economical importance on farm basis.

The aim is to improve yield and animal fitness and health whilst maintaining meat production and to increase lifetime performance. The objective is a high functional longevity with an average lifetime production of 30.000kg.


The breed is medium to tall framed within the range of beef cattle breeds, being long with a wide and deep body.

Fleckvieh cattle have flat boned legs, fitting well with the body's strength, ending up in hard hooves. They show good muscularity in all parts of the body.

The cows show functional udders and best maternal traits. They are well known for regular fertility, excellent adaptability and docile character.

Outstanding trait of the Fleckvieh cow is the top milk yield, ensuring high weaning weights of calves.

During fattening, high daily gains and slaughter weights are achieved due to high feed intake. The outstanding muscling and a low fat content in the carcass provide the market demands.

Growth performance of breeding young stock:

Daily weight gain of female weaners: at least 1.150g
Daily weight gain of young breeding bulls: at least 1.400g

Body size and live weights:

Weight of an adult cow: 700 - 800kg
Height at cross of an adult cow: 140 - 150cm
Weight of an adult bull: 1.100 - 1.300kg
Height at cross of an adult bull: 150 - 165cm
Average Birth weight: female 39kg, male 41kg

Further traits:

Age at first calving: 24 - 28 months
Intercalving period: 365 days
EUROP grade: young bulls E and U > 80%
Beef quality: tender, well marbled beef

Both Polled and Horned bulls are utilised. .

Colour description:

The basic colours of the breed are light to dark yellow and red to dark red on white ground. The distribution of colours may be spotted, speckled or most of the body solid coloured. An important trademark of the breed ist the dominant white head with a broad muzzle. Eye spectacles or eyelid pigmentations occur frequently. Belly, feet and tail are white, too.

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